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we call joke, joke or facecia to a type of short story, in most cases oral, fictional and humorous content, whose understanding provokes laughter. Your content may be satirical, ironic, burlesque, even ruthless, expressed through verbal play or ideas, that to be fully understood it needs some recurrent referents and some habitual initiative of the funny between the one who tells the joke and those who listen to it.
The joke is a very old human invention. The first known compilation of jokes comes from Greek antiquity, and is the Philosopher, an anthology of 265 jokes made around the fourth century AD.C. by Hierocles and Filagrio, theoretically.
Most of the jokes argue to a very fixed composition, initiated by a first narrative part that exposes the circumstance in which, later, play or happiness occurs, which is a confusion of circumstance whose resolution invites laughter.
The joke should not be misunderstood with the joke or with other humorous genres, in which a real circumstance is prepared to mock or entertain with third parties, nor with non-verbal humor (called gag) so characteristic of physical comedy or slapstick.
See also: Comparison.
TYPES OF JOKES
According to its content, we have the possibility to classify the jokes in:
Innocent or white jokes. This is the name given to the most harmless jokes, childish or correct to all kinds of public.
Green or red jokes. Also called "spicy", have in their narration a sexual or erotic content, whether explicit or suggested.
Black jokes. They are known as this way for being part of black humor or ruthless humor, whose narratives are sarcastic, ironic or cruel to people sometimes disadvantageous or pathology.
Political jokes. They have within their narrative elements corresponding to local politics or around the world., to recognized personalities or occasions that concern universal history.
WHY DO JOKES MAKE US HAPPY??
According to Freud, the joke tries to violate popular and own censorship to lead to laughter.
There are many explanations for this. Some theories, like Marvin Misky's (in his Society of the Mind), who proposes the joke as the human mechanism to study the absurd, or even more so those of Edward de Bono (The Mechanism of the Mind and I am right you are wrong), who recommends that the human brain works from thought patterns to admit familiar stories and tales.
When one of the thought patterns is broken and replaced by an exclusive connection, as it happens in jokes, tends to laugh in response. This would explain why after hearing them numerous times, jokes lose happiness.
Sigmund Freud also investigated this subject in The Joke and its relationship with the unconscious.. According to the popular psychoanalyst, the jokes (as well as failed acts) accept that unconscious content emerges disguised in the light of consciousness, through games of expressions, concept shifts and other deep message masking tactics. Oséa, there is talk of a way to violate popular and own censorship, which would lead to a manifestation of excitement (The laughter).
STEREOTYPES IN JOKES
Most of the jokes work, in their need for a knowledge or a habitual leader between the one who tells it and the one who listens to it, with stereotypes or social archetypes, which are ways of universal consideration, Prior (at times they have the possibility of being prejudices) and light, that they attribute to certain types of people, some nationalities or some ethnicities certain cartoonish properties.
There are sexual stereotypes, Racial, Religious, national and of all kinds, which is used to generalize and superficially characterize a collective, which lends itself to the exercise of the joke very well. However, in several cases the handling of these stereotypes can become prejudice and transform the joke into a gesture of commitment, of discrimination or cruelty against the other.
RELATED CONCEPTS Comparison Literary Resources Comic Literary Genre Comedy Irony Narration Stereotype Story Drama Discourse Interpersonal Communication
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